standard-title TMS Therapy Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression and other conditions.

TMS Therapy

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression and other conditions.

What is TMS Therapy?

TMS Therapy is an FDA approved treatment for treatment refractory depression. It has also been used in the treatment of Pain, Anxiety, Migraines, Obsessive Compulsive Disorders and other illnesses where the use of medication has not been as effective as desired.

TMS has very minimal negative effects on your body and doesn’t upend your daily schedule. There are no surgeries and TMS does not require any sedation. TMS is administered in the TMS prescribing psychiatrist office. In fact, all a patient has to do is sit in a chair and relax.

Nothing enters your bloodstream. There are no medications administered. There is no need for medications to circulate throughout the body, therefore TMS does not impair your cognitive abilities. TMS is perhaps the least intrusive form of depression therapy available.

Other Conditions Treated with TMS Therapy?

TMS Therapy has been shown to be extremely successful in treating the following conditions:

  • Migraine
  • Chronic Pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Bipolar Disorder

How Does TMS Work?

The causes of depression have been linked to the abnormal function of nerve cells in specific parts of the brain.  As a result, these regions of the brain are implicated in mood regulation.

It is thought that TMS Therapy stimulates regions that are thought to be impaired by the patient’s condition. Targeting these specific regions of the brain reactivates the neurons in those areas by depolarizing them.

For instance, numerous studies have shown that TMS produces changes in neural activity in regions of the brain implicated in mood regulation, such as the prefrontal cortex. This area is targeted in treating Major Depressive Disorder. The exact mechanics of TMS Therapy are still of an unknown origin, but the science behind TMS is constantly being explored and understood. Today, scientists can only observe the effects that electromagnetic stimulation from TMS has on the brain. However, this is changing as more research goes into TMS technology.

The Mechanics of TMS Therapy?

MS Therapy utilizes a TMS coil which is either applied to the scalp or waved over the prefrontal cortex by a trained TMS technician.  

The TMS coil stimulation in the part of the brain that regulates mood, is believed to trigger a cascade of neurochemical events, including the release of neurotransmitters (such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine) to help normalize neurotransmitter function.

The highly concentrated electromagnetic fields created by the magnetic coil turn on and off very rapidly. These magnetic fields are similar to those produced by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine. Although they are small, these induced electric currents in the brain can cause the neurons to fire or become more active. It is this stimulation which is believed to trigger further changes in the brain circuits responsible for depression. In other words, the magnetic pulses delivered from the TMS coil reinvigorate parts of the brain that might not be working.